Enclaves & Exclaves of Italy: Campione d’Italia & San Marino

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When you hear the word “enclave” in connection to Italy, you probably think of Vatican City. An enclave is basically a country or designated piece of land within a country, and Vatican City is probably the most famous one in the world.

An exclave, on the other hand, is part of a nation that exists completely unattached to that nation. Italy happens to have a few enclaves and exclaves, and in this article I want to write a little bit about visiting one of each: the exclave of Campione d’Italia (pictured above), and the enclave of San Marino.

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